By James Pearson
SEOUL (Reuters) - An Australian man has been arrested while doing missionary work in North Korea, his wife told Reuters on Wednesday, making him the second foreign Christian missionary to be held by the North.
The wife of 75-year-old John Short told Reuters her husband was arrested in Pyongyang, the North Korean capital, on Sunday and had been open about his religious work on his second trip to the isolated country.
"He won't be intimidated by the communists," Karen Short told Reuters from Hong Kong by telephone.
North Korea has held American missionary Kenneth Bae for more than a year and convicted him of trying to overthrow the state. A North Korean court sentenced Bae to 15 years' hard labor and efforts by Washington to secure his release have been thwarted.
"I'm not upset, we're Christian missionaries and we have tremendous support for what we do," Short's wife said of her husband's arrest.
While North Korea espouses freedom of religion it is ranked as one of the world's most oppressive regimes in terms of freedom of religion. A United Nations report issued on Tuesday cited lack of religious freedom in a state whose human rights abuses it likened to those of Nazi Germany.
Short was making his second trip to North Korea, according to a statement by his family, and was in possession of religious materials that had been translated into Korean.
Australia, which does not have diplomatic relations with North Korea, is using its embassy in Seoul, and the Swedish embassy in Pyongyang, to handle the case.
"We are in close contact with Swedish officials in Pyongyang to seek their assistance in confirming the well-being of Mr Short and to obtain more information," said an Australian Embassy spokesman in Seoul, adding that its capacity to deliver consular services in Pyongyang was "extremely limited".
Beijing Tourism Group, a Chinese firm identified by Short's wife as the agency running the tour on which her husband went to Pyongyang, was non-committal when contacted by Reuters, and referred queries to the Chinese government.
Short's wife said that on her husband's first trip to North Korea, he had been transparent about his faith and had openly read his bible in front of government guides when in Pyongyang.
"He's courageous, this is my husband's character," she said. "I hope things get better -- he's in God's hands, we both totally believe that."
(Additional reporting by Jumin Park in Seoul and Michael Martina in Beijing; Editing by David Chance and Clarence Fernandez)